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La crisis del sector financiero colombiano


  • Armando Montenegro



El objeto de este trabajo es explicar la crisis del sector financiero colombiano. El estudio gira alrededor de dos ideas centrales: la primera se refiere al impacto de los cambios en el ritmo de actividad económica sobre la evolución y, especialmente, sobre la estabilidad del sector financiero. La segunda enfatiza la influencia de elementos estructurales, característicos del sector financiero colombiano, que incrementan su fragilidad, especialmente durante la fase recesiva del ciclo económico. Entre estos elementos se encuentran la descapitalización, los mayores costos financieros y operativos de las instituciones de menor tamaño, el creciente endeudamiento industrial y el desdibujamiento de las reglamentaciones, junto con el relajamiento de los controles del estado sobre las actividades financieras.

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  • Armando Montenegro, 1983. "La crisis del sector financiero colombiano," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 2(4), pages 51-89, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:007656

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carmen M. Reinhart & Vincent Raymond Reinhart, 1991. "Fluctuaciones del Producto y Choques Monetarios: Evidencia Colombiana," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 0(20), pages 53-85, December.
    2. Pagan, Adrian, 1987. " Three Econometric Methodologies: A Critical Appraisal," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 1(1), pages 3-24.
    3. Christina D. Romer & David H. Romer, 1989. "Does Monetary Policy Matter? A New Test in the Spirit of Friedman and Schwartz," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1989, Volume 4, pages 121-184 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. John Y. Campbell & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1987. "Are Output Fluctuations Transitory?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 102(4), pages 857-880.
    5. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
    6. Leeper, Eric M. & Gordon, David B., 1992. "In search of the liquidity effect," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 341-369, June.
    7. Stock, James H & Watson, Mark W, 1993. "A Simple Estimator of Cointegrating Vectors in Higher Order Integrated Systems," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(4), pages 783-820, July.
    8. Bernanke, Ben & Gertler, Mark, 1989. "Agency Costs, Net Worth, and Business Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 14-31, March.
    9. Olivier J. Blanchard & Mark W. Watson, 1986. "Are Business Cycles All Alike?," NBER Chapters,in: The American Business Cycle: Continuity and Change, pages 123-180 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    10. King, Robert G. & Plosser, Charles I. & Stock, James H. & Watson, Mark W., 1991. "Stochastic Trends and Economic Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 819-840, September.
    11. Jordi Galí, 1992. "How Well Does The IS-LM Model Fit Postwar U. S. Data?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(2), pages 709-738.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1996. "The Roots of Banking Crises: The Macroeconomic Context," Research Department Publications 4026, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    2. Constanza Martínez, 2008. "The Effects Of Financial Intermediation On Colombian Economic Growth," ENSAYOS SOBRE POLÍTICA ECONÓMICA, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ESPE, vol. 26(57), pages 250-280, December.
    3. Iregui Ana María & Milas Costas & Otero Jesus, 2002. "On The Dynamics Of Lending And Deposit Interest Rates In Emerging Markets: A Non-Linear Approach," Studies in Nonlinear Dynamics & Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(3), pages 1-21, November.
    4. Eduardo Lora & José Antonio Ocampo, 1986. "Política macroecónomica y distribución del ingreso en Colombia: 1980 -1990," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, vol. 16(3), pages 109-158, October.
    5. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1996. "Las raíces de las crisis bancarias: contexto macroeconómico," Research Department Publications 4027, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    6. Michael Gavin & Ricardo Hausmann, 1996. "The Roots of Banking Crises: The Macroeconomic Context," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6067, Inter-American Development Bank.
    7. Roberto Steiner & Adolfo Barajas & Natalia Salazar, 1998. "El margen de intermediación bancaria en Colombia," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6110, Inter-American Development Bank.
    8. Barajas, Adolfo & Steiner, Roberto & Salazar, Natalia, 2000. "The impact of liberalization and foreign investment in Colombia's financial sector," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 157-196, October.

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