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Estimación de coeficientes de Orshansky a partir de un sistema completo de ecuaciones de demanda: una nueva metodología para la elaboración de ..

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  • Jorge Enrique Muñoz Ayala

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Abstract

Basado en la teoría microeconómica del consumidor, este artículo propone una metodología para laconstrucción de umbrales de pobreza. Su objetivo principal es mostrar la composición de una canasta debienes no alimenticios y su relación con la canasta de alimentos. Los coeficientes de Orshansky son estimados usando una vía no tradicional. Con este propósito se emplea un sistema de ecuaciones de demanda para estimar las canastas de subsistencia. Después de algunas dificultades econométricas, se analizan los parámetros estructurales del sistema y se obtiene la canasta de subsistencia mínima. Los resultados se refieren a la población de Bogotá y sus localidades.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Enrique Muñoz Ayala, 2009. "Estimación de coeficientes de Orshansky a partir de un sistema completo de ecuaciones de demanda: una nueva metodología para la elaboración de ..," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:005898
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    File URL: http://www.fce.unal.edu.co/media/files/documentos/Cuadernos/50/v28n50_munoz_2009.pdf
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    Keywords

    sistema de ecuaciones de demanda; LES; ELES; tendencia selectiva; consumo desubsistencia; línea de pobreza; línea de pobreza extrema; coeficientes de Orshansky.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General

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