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Apropiación de conocimiento en Colombia. El caso de los contratos de importación de tecnología

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  • Héctor Adrián Martínez

    ()

Abstract

Dado que el conocimiento económicamente valioso es importante para el crecimiento de las naciones, y que parte de éste reside en el conocimiento tácito, el artículo examina el tipo de conocimiento que importaron las empresas colombianas en el período 1991-2000. Para analizar los factores que inciden en la decisión de importar tecnología, se utilizan dos perspectivas: la estadística descriptiva y un modelo Probit de pendientes comunes. Se concluye que la importación de tecnología en Colombia no sigue una tendencia definida, que la contrataciónestá dominada por empresas grandes y por multinacionales, y que el conocimiento importado es codificado y no tácito, el cual es importante para adaptar con éxito tecnologías foráneas.

Suggested Citation

  • Héctor Adrián Martínez, 2004. "Apropiación de conocimiento en Colombia. El caso de los contratos de importación de tecnología," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000093:004467
    as

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    File URL: http://www.fce.unal.edu.co/media/files/documentos/Cuadernos/41/v23n41_martinez_2004.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Thirlwall, Anthony P & Hussain, Mohammed Nureldin, 1982. "The Balance of Payments Constraint, Capital Flows and Growth Rate Differences between Developing Countries," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 498-510, November.
    2. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 429-438.
    3. Abdelhak Senhadji, 1998. "Time-Series Estimation of Structural Import Demand Equations: A Cross-Country Analysis," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 45(2), pages 236-268, June.
    4. Juan José Echavarría & Mauricio Villamizar & colaboración Juanita González, 2006. "El Proceso Colombiano de Desindustrialización," Borradores de Economia 361, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Jonathan Perraton, 2003. "Balance of Payments Constrained Growth and Developing Countries: An examination of Thirlwall's hypothesis," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(1), pages 1-22.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    conocimiento tácito; tecnología; contratos; Probit.;

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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