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La compétitivité-prix explique-t-elle les performances à l'exportation de la France et de ses partenaires ?

Author

Listed:
  • Matthieu Bussière
  • Guillaume Gaulier
  • Sébastien Jean

Abstract

La France est l'un des pays industrialisés dont les parts de marché à l'exportation ont le plus reculé entre 1999 et 2013. Ce recul est sensiblement plus marqué que celui enregistré par l'Allemagne, et ce dans la quasi-totalité des secteurs. Une analyse comparative simple des performances à l'exportation des pays de la zone euro est menée pour mettre ces évolutions en perspective. Elle suggère que les changements de la compétitivité-prix, mesurée par les coûts salariaux unitaires de l'ensemble de l'économie, constituent, à côté des différentiels de croissance, un élément d'explication probant mais incomplet. En particulier, ces deux facteurs n'expliquent que partiellement les mauvaises performances françaises.

Suggested Citation

  • Matthieu Bussière & Guillaume Gaulier & Sébastien Jean, 2014. "La compétitivité-prix explique-t-elle les performances à l'exportation de la France et de ses partenaires ?," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 349.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:2014-349
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    commerce & mondialisation; compétitivité & croissance; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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