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Prix du pétrole, coûts de transport et mondialisation

Author

Listed:
  • Nina Kousnetzoff
  • Daniel Mirza
  • Habib Zitouna

Abstract

Des données détaillées permettent d'observer sur une trentaine d'années l'évolution des coûts de transport des marchandises importées par les Etats-Unis. Des tendances claires se dessinent, mais sans que le lien avec le prix du pétrole, composante importante de ces coûts, soit toujours très visible. Seule l'analyse économétrique peut révéler l'impact du prix du pétrole sur le choix du mode de transport, sur les prix des produits importés et sur le partage du marché entre pays fournisseurs. Ces résultats semblent indiquer que la hausse des prix pétroliers, via son impact sur les coûts de transport, contrarie l'intégration mondiale en jouant en faveur des pays proches des grands marchés relativement aux pays plus éloignés.

Suggested Citation

  • Nina Kousnetzoff & Daniel Mirza & Habib Zitouna, 2008. "Prix du pétrole, coûts de transport et mondialisation," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 282.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepill:2008-282
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C10 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - General
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General

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