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L'Union europeenne elargie et ses voisins mediterraneens

Author

Listed:
  • Sebastien Dupuch
  • El Mouhoub Mouhoud
  • Fatiha Talahite

Abstract

La vision d'une Europe homogene se modifie avec l'elargissement et le partenariat Euro-med. L'evaluation de l'insertion internationale des pays partenaires mediterraneens (PPM) montre que relativement aux nouveaux membres de l'Union elargie, les PPM connaissent une faible convergence reelle et structurelle. Les indices de Krugman et de Finger-Kreinin revelent, qu'a l'exception de la Turquie, les pays mediterraneens sont complementaires des pays de l'UE et demeurent tres specialises dans des secteurs intensifs en main-d'œuvre ou en ressources naturelles. La faible efficacite des reformes structurelles et l'absence d'integration Sud-Sud s'ajoutent aux insuffisances de l'accord de libre-echange lui-meme. L'attractivite des PPM aux investissements directs etrangers demeure ainsi limitee alors que leur role est important pour leur rattrapage et le developpement d'une specialisation intra-branche.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastien Dupuch & El Mouhoub Mouhoud & Fatiha Talahite, 2004. "L'Union europeenne elargie et ses voisins mediterraneens," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 97, pages 105-127.
  • Handle: RePEc:cii:cepiei:2004-1td
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    File URL: http://www.cepii.fr/IE/rev97/rev97d.htm
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Union europeenne; partenariat euro-mediterraneen; specialisation; investissements directs etrangers; mediterranee; euromed; IDE;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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