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Empresas de inserción y empresas sociales en Europa


  • Carlota Quintão

    () (Universidad de Coimbra)


This article reviews research on Work Integration Social Enterprises (WISE) and social enterprises in Europe and analyses the current situation. WISE present paradigmatic examples of social enterprises within the framework of the emergence of European perspectives on social entrepreneurship and the third sector. The hypothesis in question sees them as organizations whose management covers a variety of objectives, resources and stakeholders. Theoretical debates focus on issues such as their sustainability as hybrid organizations, innovation in governance, and their relationship with share capital. The study of WISE has evolved through the typological analysis of their empirical diversity and through the questioning of their role in labour markets, the status and rights of their beneficiaries, and their relationship with employment policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlota Quintão, 2007. "Empresas de inserción y empresas sociales en Europa," CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, CIRIEC-España, issue 59, pages 33-59, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:cic:revcir:y:2007:i:59:p:33-59

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    Work integration social enterprises; social entrepreneurship; social enterprises; Third Sector.;

    JEL classification:

    • J49 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Other
    • I39 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Other
    • Y90 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Other - - - Other
    • Z10 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - General
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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