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Las figuras de economía social en la Constitución Española de 1978


  • Rafael Calvo Ortega

    (Universidad Complutense de Madrid)


The Spanish Constitution in article 129.2 establishes a mandate (and thus an imperative order) to the state powers to promote the figures and mechanisms of the social economy. This support is juxtaposed to the constitutional rules defining the Spanish economic and bs system The roots of the aforesaid support are in the Social Status established by the Constitution and in the right of all citizens to take part in economic life. However, article 129.2 of the Constitution is heterogeneous in content, making demarcation necessary. Although the rule only explicitly mentions co-operatives, work associations reunite the necessary and sufficient conditions (company organisation, voluntary access, worker decision making power within the company, the guarantee of permanent worker power) to be included in the constitutional promotion mandate. Lastly, there are two aspects of aid to social economy companies which do not allow discussion. Firstly it must facilitate subsidies for spreading and training those interested in matters relating to this type of association. Secondly, joint tax responsibility must be suppressed if a social economy company follows a capitalist company in an operative business.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Calvo Ortega, 2003. "Las figuras de economía social en la Constitución Española de 1978," CIRIEC-España, revista de economía pública, social y cooperativa, CIRIEC-España, issue 47, pages 159-174, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:cic:revcir:y:2003:i:47:p:159-174

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    More about this item


    Constitution; promotion; social economy; social status; co-operatives; work associations; means of production.;

    JEL classification:

    • K10 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - General (Constitutional Law)
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • P13 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Cooperative Enterprises


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