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Economic Transformation of Regions of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation

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  • V. V. Gamukin

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Abstract

Post-crisis development of national economy substantially is defined by global trends on restoration of growth rates. It is necessary to use the capacity of macro regions of the country among which the important place is taken by the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF). There is a need for a research of ability of structure of economy of the territorial subjects of the federation entering it in whole or in part to adapta tion to the changing managing conditions. It is important to reveal effectiveness of efforts of large and small business, the regional and federal bodies of authority and management, the available market institutes in general directed to activation of economic factors of AZRF. In article the hypothesis of a possibility of assessment of dynamics of change of this structure with the indicators characterizing structure of the gross regional product (GRP) of the territorial subjects of the Russian Federation included in AZRF is made and considered. The research of structure of this indicator is conducted during 2005–2016 with application of the index of structure offered by the author. It is revealed that during the analyzed period of fluctuation of the sizes of shares in structures of GRP of subjects of AZRF significantly differ among themselves. Entry into AZRF into the analyzed period had no significant effect on change of structure of GRP of the entering territorial subjects of the Russian Federation yet. It says about prevalence of the economic practice which developed under the influence of a geographical factor. In subjects of AZRF the trend on reduction of a share of agriculture, hunting and forestry, the processing productions, transport and communication and financial activity with simultaneous increase in a share of mining proceeds. Significant growth in a share of public administration and ensuring military safety is observed; obligatory social insurance at stagnation of the size of a contribution of education, health care and providing social services. Fluctuations of the sizes of shares in structures of GRP of subjects of AZRF are uneven that speaks about preservation of a trend on a variety of structures of regional economies. The insignificant tendency to more balanced participation of subjects of the district in creation of total amount of GRP due to high dynamics of the extracting sector is revealed. In the Arctic in the analyzed years the industrial logic of development assuming large-scale industrial exploitation of natural resources amplified.

Suggested Citation

  • V. V. Gamukin, 2019. "Economic Transformation of Regions of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation," Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, Center for Crisis Society Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:ccs:journl:y:2019:id:534
    DOI: 10.23932/2542-0240-2019-12-5-201-216
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