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What's in the Gap and What's in a Copy?. Local Practices and Discourses of Competency-Based Education Reform in Benin


  • Sarah Fichtner


This article analyses the origins and understandings of competency-based education as a polysemous ?tool kit? notion in internationalised education reform, its ?travel? to Benin, and its negotiation through local actors' practices and discourses. Based on three examples drawn from 11 months of ethnographic field research, it focuses on internal inconsistencies, and on the logics and efforts at work in the ?gap? between a reform concept and teaching realities. The article deconstructs a seemingly coherent ?global model?, as well as an apparently stable ?local context?, and argues that the competency-based approach implemented in Benin is actually a copy-based approach, which should be seen not as a reform failure, but rather as a potentially necessary step in policy translation and appropriation.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Fichtner, 2015. "What's in the Gap and What's in a Copy?. Local Practices and Discourses of Competency-Based Education Reform in Benin," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(3), pages 165-182.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rtmarc:rtm_223_0165

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