Idéologie de genre et héritage communiste. L'exemple de la Mongolie en l'an 2000
In Mongolia, during the 1990’s and following the perestroika, the new public space was invested by a surprising associative movement of women which was very dynamic and whose main purpose was to promote women in politics. We discovered that Mongolian women’s discourse demanded equality between men and women, revealing a true “sex class consciousness” independently of social class, generation and “clan identity”. The present article explores the communist gender ideology, spread by the Communist Party, who needed women to "build the progress” of the country during the seven decades of communism. In addition, the women’s Party organ – the Women’s Committee – allowed women to conceive a political action “as women” and for the entire nation, even though it was controlled by the leaders. This enables us to understand the emergence and the activities of the women’s associative movement and their inclusion in the international women’s movement, with, for instance, the appropriation and use of the term “gender”.
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