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Idéologie de genre et héritage communiste. L'exemple de la Mongolie en l'an 2000

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  • Anna Jarry-Omarova

Abstract

In Mongolia, during the 1990’s and following the perestroika, the new public space was invested by a surprising associative movement of women which was very dynamic and whose main purpose was to promote women in politics. We discovered that Mongolian women’s discourse demanded equality between men and women, revealing a true “sex class consciousness” independently of social class, generation and “clan identity”. The present article explores the communist gender ideology, spread by the Communist Party, who needed women to "build the progress” of the country during the seven decades of communism. In addition, the women’s Party organ – the Women’s Committee – allowed women to conceive a political action “as women” and for the entire nation, even though it was controlled by the leaders. This enables us to understand the emergence and the activities of the women’s associative movement and their inclusion in the international women’s movement, with, for instance, the appropriation and use of the term “gender”.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna Jarry-Omarova, 2012. "Idéologie de genre et héritage communiste. L'exemple de la Mongolie en l'an 2000," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 107-124.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rtmarc:rtm_209_0107
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Isabel Günther & Mohamed Ali Marouani & Marc Raffinot, 2006. "La croissance est-elle pro-pauvres au Mali ?," Working Papers DT/2006/15, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. Marc Raffinot, 2010. "L'appropriation (ownership) des politiques de développement : de la théorie à la pratique," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 87-104.
    3. Johnson, J.H. & Wasty, S.S., 1993. "Borrower Ownership of Adjustment Programs and the Political Economy of Reform," World Bank - Discussion Papers 199, World Bank.
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