La justice pénale internationale, entre idéaux et justification
This piece retraces the genesis of the ideals of international criminal justice as stemming from liberal political ideals about the philosophy of peace through law and utilitarianism. It shows how their implementation is confronted, on the one hand, with politics understood as a balance of power, and on the other, with the reactivation of a critique of humanist universalism. In its final section, it examines the justifications for truth commissions, today sometimes presented as palliative measures in the absence of penal justice, while at other times considered as its ancillaries. It demands whether the unprecedented promotion of these commissions is perhaps – much more so than the intertwining of law and politics – the greatest obstacle to international criminal justice.
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