Les migrants climatiques et l'accueil des réfugiés en France et en Europe
Today, the term “climate refugee” is widely promoted in the media and is also the result of a consensus of opinion, while the main issues addressed by this term include “how can we protect these emigrants” and “how can we be protected from these immigrants”. On the one hand, some people use the term in order to try to protect climate migrants by offering them a status inspired by the Geneva Convention refugee status. However they forget that refugee status is not constraining for States. The status was created to allow States to control migrations linked to asylum. It means that the right of asylum is not a right to asylum. And on the other hand, other people view the term “climate refugee” as an opportunity to depoliticize the concept of refugee and to circulate the idea that all refugees should be protected in their own country or close by. Closing off the European borders to refugees would then be justified.
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