Électricité Et Territoires : Un Regard Sur La Crise Libanaise
Modernizing the power sector was a major goal of the post-Independence regimes. But since the civil war, it has experienced a long crisis. The social transformations (urban growth, poverty) have hampered the efficiency of the production and distribution of electricity. Power shortages still persist, a calamitous management leads to an increasing debt. Deep spatial inequalities in the access to the electricity and in the regulation of the system affect the system. It reveals a strongly differentiated local management, notably regarding fraud and non payment. The programs attempting to counter these practices are implemented with strong differences according to the regions. It reveals the strength of the local actors in the ruling of the sector, and their attempt at preventing the reforms.
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