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Le « cas Argentine » revisité de l'utopie libérale au retour de la politique..


  • Luis Blaum


Argentina constitutes a revealing textbook case of the link between the liberal utopia of an auto-regulated market, commodity fetishism and economists’ theories. How does economic liberalisation, backed by a law on currency convertibility, resolve the crisis of political representation affecting the country since the emergence of Peronism, the « voice of the voiceless », in the 1940s ? The liberal utopia of markets’ auto-regulation associates taking root in social life with having money, by means of what Marx called the « vulgar economy ». From this viewpoint, the monetary crisis of 2001, a real social tragedy, illustrates Polanyi’s thesis : liberal utopia’s stumbling blocks force societies to give markets roots which have political and social dimensions. But, conveyed by economic thought, commodity fetishism continues to play an active role in exiting a crisis. The political position is perilous and based on a scientific approach that makes people believe that social reality can be completely manipulated.

Suggested Citation

  • Luis Blaum, 2007. "Le « cas Argentine » revisité de l'utopie libérale au retour de la politique..," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(1), pages 135-153.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rtmarc:rtm_189_0135

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wood, Adrian, 1997. "Openness and Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: The Latin American Challenge to East Asian Conventional Wisdom," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(1), pages 33-57, January.
    2. Alexis Saludjian, 2004. "Trajectoires de croissance et volatilité macroéconomique dans le Mercosur : quelques éléments d'analyse empirique," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(179), pages 595-615.
    3. Maristella Svampa & Sebastian Pereyra, 2004. "Les dimensions de l'expérience Piquetera: tensions et cadres communs dans l'organisation et la mobilisation des chômeurs en Argentine," Revue Tiers-Monde, Armand Colin, vol. 0(2), pages 419-441.
    4. Alexis Saludjian, 2005. "Del Mercosur al ALCA: Críticas al Modelo Liberal de Nuevo Regionalismo de la BID," Post-Print hal-00120658, HAL.
    5. Alexis Saludjian, 2004. "Hacia Otra Integración Sudamericana: Críticas al Mercosur Neoliberal," Post-Print hal-00120661, HAL.
    6. Mortimore, Michael & Vergara, Sebastián & Katz, Jorge, 2001. "La competitividad internacional y el desarrollo nacional: implicancias para la política de inversión extranjera directa (IED) en América Latina," Desarrollo Productivo 107, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    7. Alexis Saludjian, 2008. "De los ciclos económicos a la volatilidad macroeconómica: el aporte de M. Kalecki," Post-Print halshs-00418425, HAL.
    8. Roberto Pizarro, 2001. "La vulnerabilidad social y sus desafíos: una mirada desde América Latina," DOCUMENTOS DE INVESTIGACION 003101, CEPAL NACIONES UNIDAS.
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