La biosécurité dans les pays en développement : du protocole de carthagène aux réglementations nationales
More than 90 developing countries have signed the Cartagena Protocol on prevention of biotechnological hazards and should therefore logically be able to implement nationally operational legislations, enabling them mainly to refuse the import of living modified organisms without scientific certainty of the risks linked to these LMOs. The principle of precaution should be able to guide the decisions and the actions of signatory States. But such is not really the case. While the mechanisms of the protocol’s regulation are being progressively reinforced in international instances, their implementation in the developing countries is facing human, technical and financial requirements, which they often lack, whereas the same countries are subjected to strong external pressures.
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