IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/cai/rpvedb/rpve_473_0067.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Five essays on performance and structural rigidities in European labour markets

Author

Listed:
  • Gilles Mourre

Abstract

This PhD thesis – made up of five empirical essays – looks into the role of structural rigidities in recent labour market performance in Europe from complementary angles and yields several results. First, the effect of institutions is complex owing to numerous interactions and their endogenous nature. Second, the level of labour utilisation in the EU15 is clearly lower than in the US, explaining two thirds of the EU15 gap in GDP per capita vis-à-vis the US. Labour underutilisation particularly affects the euro area but not the new member states. Third, robust evidence exists of a structural break in the employment behaviour in the late 1990s and early 2000s, which could be related to changes in the sectoral employment composition, the strong development of part-time jobs and lower labour tax rates. Fourth, part-time employment, used by firms as a “flexible” tool, has a countercyclical pattern. In the longer run, rising female participation and changes in legislation on part-time jobs are key institutional or structural drivers. Five, the wage distribution in Europe is compressed across occupations and across levels of education, particularly in continental and southern EU15 countries, which would induce job losses for low-educated people.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilles Mourre, 2008. "Five essays on performance and structural rigidities in European labour markets," Reflets et perspectives de la vie économique, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 67-77.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:rpvedb:rpve_473_0067
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.cairn.info/load_pdf.php?ID_ARTICLE=RPVE_473_0067
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL: http://www.cairn.info/revue-reflets-et-perspectives-de-la-vie-economique-2008-3-page-67.htm
    Download Restriction: free

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:rpvedb:rpve_473_0067. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire). General contact details of provider: http://www.cairn.info/revue-reflets-et-perspectives-de-la-vie-economique.htm .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.