IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Point de vue. La reconnaissance du commerce équitable en droit français : une victoire pour la société civile internationale ?

Listed author(s):
  • Walid Abdelgawad
Registered author(s):

    For the first time France has enacted a package of legal measures to recognize fair trade movement and became one of the first developed countries having a detailed regulation in that field. This package consists of both legislatives measures (article 60 of the small and medium sized enterprises Act and its executive order) and soft law rules (agreement on Fair trade of the French standardization association “AFNOR”). The choice of the legislator focused on the public recognition by a national commission of the organizations whose main activity is the implementation and the monitoring of fair trade standards. Multinationals were kept out of this procedure. The French law seems to meet the requirements of fair trade organizations especially regarding the definition of the standards of fair trade as inferred from the practice. The various dimensions of fair trade (economic, social, environmental and political) have been taken into account. This positive outcome seems to be the result of the mobilization of civil society players in order to urge French public authorities to implement the standards and rules established from the practice. However, French regulation is, on some aspects, insufficient and irrelevant as it is out of step with the recent practice of the private actors. On the one hand, it subscribes to a restrictive view of fair trade as limited to the only North-South international trade. On the other hand, there is no clear recognition of the link between fair trade and social economy. Lastly, there is no guarantee that the legal procedure concerning the accreditation of faire trade players will offer an effective protection of consumers. Despite this criticism, French law was saluted as a successful step as it has the main advantage of preserving fundamental fair trade principles and standards and thus safeguarding the assets of forty years of struggle on the ground by the international civil society.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Revue internationale de droit économique.

    Volume (Year): t. XXI, 4 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 471-491

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:cai:riddbu:ride_214_0471
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:riddbu:ride_214_0471. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.