La brevetabilité dans les récents traités de libre-échange américains
INTERNATIONAL PATENT REGIME IN RECENT FREE TRADE US INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPs) of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is no longer the « new frontier » of the international patent regime. Indeed, the United States and other developed countries negotiate bilateral « TRIPs-plus » treaties with developing countries. Arguably, bilateralism allows to bypass the dead-end debates at the TRIPs Council and to build alliances for upcoming multilateral negotiations at the World Intellectual Property Organization. This article compares patentability provisions of the recentlyconcluded U.S. Free Trade Agreements with the TRIPs Agreement. Although most of the provisions of the TRIPs Agreement are integrated in bilateral treaties, we identify five significant changes : 1) bilateral treaties provide a 12 months grace period to inventors ; 2) the industrial application requirement is defined has a « specific, substantial, and credible utility » ; 3) a ceiling to the disclosure requirement is introduced ; 4) the plant protection regime is reinforced ; 5) the non-discrimination rule is omitted. Our comparative analysis shows that bilateralism allows the US to consolidate existing multilateral treaties, such as the TRIPs Agreement and the UPOV Convention, and to fortify its negotiating position for future multilateral treaties, such as the WIPO Substantive Patent Law Treaty. The new features of bilateral treaties indicate that the international patent regime is still oriented through the US patent law model.
Volume (Year): t. XVIII, 4 (2004)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-internationale-de-droit-economique.htm|
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:riddbu:ride_184_0483. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.