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Utilisation et déclassement du capital


  • Antoine Bonleu
  • Gilbert Cette
  • Guillaume Horny


This empirical analysis aims at assessing the effect of the economic climate and the intensity of capital utilisation on companies’ capital retirement behaviour. It is conducted using individual company data, as well as original data on the degree of utilisation of production factors. The sample includes 6,998 observations over the period 1996-2008. This database is, to our knowledge, unique for the empirical analysis of the intensity of capital utilisation on firms’ capital retirement behaviour. We adjust for endogeneity biases by means of instrumental variables. The main results obtained from the estimation of capital retirement models may be summarised as follows : i) The retirement rate decreases with the variations in cyclical pressures measured by the changes in output and the workweek of capital ; this relation corresponds to a countercyclical decelerator effect on capital retirement ; ii) The capital retirement rate increases with the structural intensity of capital utilisation ; this effect, which corresponds to a wear and tear one, is nevertheless small compared to the decelerator one ; iii) The profit rate does not have a significant impact on the retirement rate. Compared with the existing literature, here mainly Mairesse and Dormont [1985], the contribution of these results is to show, through the use of unique survey data, that the effect of the intensity of capital utilisation on capital retirement is structurally positive, via a wear and tear effect, and cyclically negative, via a decelerator effect which completes that already taken into account via the effect of changes in value added.

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  • Antoine Bonleu & Gilbert Cette & Guillaume Horny, 2011. "Utilisation et déclassement du capital," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 121(6), pages 871-892.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_216_0871

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Flannery, Mark J, 1983. "Interest Rates and Bank Profitability: Additional Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 15(3), pages 355-362, August.
    2. Flannery, Mark J, 1981. "Market Interest Rates and Commercial Bank Profitability: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 36(5), pages 1085-1101, December.
    3. Daniel Goyeau & Alain Sauviat & Amine Tarazi, 1998. "Sensibilité des résultats bancaires au taux d'intérêt," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 13(2), pages 169-200.
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