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L'approche expérimentale en économie du développement


  • Abhijit V. Banerjee
  • Esther Duflo


Randomized experiments have become a popular tool in development economics research and have been the subject of a number of criticisms. This paper reviews the recent literature and discusses the strengths and limitations of this approach in theory and in practise. We argue that the main virtue of randomized experiments is that, owing to the close collaboration between researchers and implementers, they allow the estimation of parameters that would not otherwise be possible to evaluate. We discuss the concerns that have been raised regarding experiments and generally conclude that, although real, they are often not specific to experiments. We conclude by discussing the relationship between theory and experiments.

Suggested Citation

  • Abhijit V. Banerjee & Esther Duflo, 2009. "L'approche expérimentale en économie du développement," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 119(5), pages 691-726.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_195_0691

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nicole ALIX & Adrien BAUDET, 2014. "La mesure de l'impact social : facteur de transformation du secteur social en Europe," CIRIEC Working Papers 1415, CIRIEC - Université de Liège.
    2. Labrousse, Agnès, 2010. "Nouvelle économie du développement et essais cliniques randomisés : une mise en perspective d’un outil de preuve et de gouvernement," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 7.

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