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Recherche d'emploi : entre assurance et incitation

  • Solenne Tanguy

The provision of unemployment insurance is associated with adverse incentive effects caused by moral hazard. Monitoring together with sanctions is one of possible instruments to restore incentives without reducing the unemployment subsidies provided by the unemployment insurance system. Benefit reductions or interruptions are imposed if unemployed workers do not comply with job search guidelines. This paper investigates the effectiveness of such benefit sanctions in reducing unemployment. We use a simple job search model where the unemployment agency can simultaneously monitor search intensity of unemployed and wage offers rejection. We find that benefit sanctions for job refusals have negative effects on search intensity. Consequently, job offers monitoring can increase the unemployment rate and decrease welfare.

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Article provided by Dalloz in its journal Revue d'économie politique.

Volume (Year): 116 (2006)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 43-64

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Handle: RePEc:cai:repdal:redp_161_0043
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-politique.htm

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  1. Postel-Vinay, Fabien & Robin, Jean-Marc, 2002. "Equilibrium Wage Dispersion with Worker and Employer Heterogeneity," CEPR Discussion Papers 3548, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Jaap H. Abbring & Gerard J. Berg & Jan C. Ours, 2005. "The Effect of Unemployment Insurance Sanctions on the Transition Rate from Unemployment to Employment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 115(505), pages 602-630, 07.
  3. Cahuc, Pierre & Lehmann, Etienne, 2000. "Should unemployment benefits decrease with the unemployment spell?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 135-153, July.
  4. Boone, Jan & van Ours, Jan C., 2000. "Modeling Financial Incentives to Get Unemployed Back to Work," IZA Discussion Papers 108, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Hopenhayn, Hugo A & Nicolini, Juan Pablo, 1997. "Optimal Unemployment Insurance," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(2), pages 412-38, April.
  6. Lalive, R. & van Ours, J.C. & Zweimüller, J., 2002. "The Effect of Benefit Sanctions on the Duration of Unemployment," Discussion Paper 2002-19, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  7. Holmlund, B., 1997. "Unemployment Insurance in Theory and Practice," Papers 1997-25, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  8. Steven Shavell & Laurence Weiss, 1978. "The Optimal Payment of Unemployment Insurance Benefits over Time," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 503, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  9. Dale T. Mortensen, 1977. "Unemployment insurance and job search decisions," Industrial and Labor Relations Review, ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 30(4), pages 505-517, July.
  10. Gilles, Joseph, 2003. "Critères d’attribution des allocations chômage et performances du marché du travail," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2003012, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  11. Gerard van den Berg & Bas van der Klaauw, 2000. "Counseling and Monitoring of Unemployed Workers: Theory and Evidence from a Social Experiment," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 0972, Econometric Society.
  12. Boone, J. & Fredriksson, P. & Holmlund, B. & van Ours, J.C., 2001. "Optimal Unemployment Insurance with Monitoring and Sanctions," Discussion Paper 2001-85, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  13. repec:dgr:kubcen:200219 is not listed on IDEAS
  14. Fredriksson, Peter & Holmlund, Bertil, 2003. "Improving incentives in unemployment insurance: A review of recent research," Working Paper Series 2003:5, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  15. Ljungqvist, Lars & Sargent, Thomas J., 1995. "The Swedish unemployment experience," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 1043-1070, May.
  16. van den Berg, Gerard J, 1990. "Nonstationarity in Job Search Theory," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(2), pages 255-77, April.
  17. Devine, Theresa J. & Kiefer, Nicolas M., 1991. "Empirical Labor Economics: The Search Approach," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195059366.
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