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Ce que la mixité fait aux élèves


  • Marie Duru-Bellat


The paper provides a synthesis of educational research devoted to the operating of co-educational classes, and assessing the impact of co-education itself. It relies on studies focussed on the interactions between teachers and pupils and between pupils themselves, and also those, less numerous, which compare single-sex and coeducational classes. It questions the impact of that way of operating upon pupils, with respect to the interpretations of social psychologists: actually, it proves that facing the ?other? increases the strength of the gender stereotypes, especially regarding self-confidence. In a last part, the text introduces a more normative debate upon the educational policies concerning co-education, since the latter does result, in spite of its obvious aspect, in ambivalent effects and seems to generate what would be a performative discrimination. The debate, which leads to discuss the question of coming back to single-sex classes ? even in a limited manner ? keeps quite open; that is because it relies in fine on conceptions of masculinity and femininity and on what equality means, which remains to day far from a consensual issue. JEL classification code: I10.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie Duru-Bellat, 2010. "Ce que la mixité fait aux élèves," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 197-212.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_114_0197

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    Cited by:

    1. Christelle Hamel & Wilfried Rault & Rnité de recherche Démographie, genre et sociétés, 2014. "A demographic perspective on gender inequality," Population and Societies 517, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED).

    More about this item


    co-education; single; sex classes; gender mix; stereotypes; self confidence; equality;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General


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