IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Les perceptions sur les causes du chômage et sur ses solutions : le cas de la France


  • Christine Le Clainche


This article deals with the subjective perceptions of the causes and consequences of unemployment in France. The analysis is realized using a survey of the research department of labour Ministry based on a representative sample of the French population. We make the hypothesis that a better knowing of such mechanisms by the potential beneficiaries of the employment policies can improve its targeting. The results show that for the interviewed the main causes of unemployment are due to industrial relocations, low growth and high level of wages employers contributions. Diminishing contributions and boosting consumption are then considered as the better ways to improve employment level. Otherwise the mechanisms favouring the return to work of unemployed are well known but also seem to be overestimated. It might come from the fact that the mechanisms of incentives tend to become a social norm in the public debate about unemployment. Lastly we note that if the absence of diploma reduces the probability for an individual to say that she or he knows correctly the instruments of employment policies, having a high diploma level do not reveal a better effective knowledge of all instruments. JEL Classification: J08, J20, E24, I38, D69.

Suggested Citation

  • Christine Le Clainche, 2010. "Les perceptions sur les causes du chômage et sur ses solutions : le cas de la France," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(2), pages 19-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_113_0019

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: free

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sabine Le Bayon & Catherine Mathieu & Paola Monperrus-Veroni & Mathieu Plane & Christine Rifflart & Danielle Schweisguth, 2010. "Europe, États-Unis, Japon : quelles politiques budgétaires de sortie de crise ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 35-61.
    2. Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2002. "Le chômage structurel à 5 % en France ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 80(1), pages 115-151.
    3. Valérie Chauvin & Gaël Dupont & Éric Heyer & Mathieu Plane & Xavier Timbeau, 2002. "Le modèle France de l'OFCE. La nouvelle version :," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 81(2), pages 245-300.
    4. Christophe Blot & Xavier Timbeau, 2009. "Du chaos financier au K.O. économique," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 149-178.
    5. Clément Bosquet & Michel Fouquin, 2008. "Productivité du travail : la fin du processus de convergence ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 419(1), pages 125-142.
    6. Hervé Le Bihan, 2004. "Tests de rupture : une application au PIB tendanciel français," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 163(2), pages 133-154.
    7. Valérie Chauvin & Gaël Dupont & Éric Heyer & Xavier Timbeau, 2001. "Le retour au plein emploi ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 79(4), pages 195-233.
    8. Heyer, Eric & Reynes, Frederic & Sterdyniak, Henri, 2007. "Structural and reduced approaches of the equilibrium rate of unemployment, a comparison between France and the United States," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 42-65, January.
    9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/1625 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Unemployment mechanisms; Employment policy; Unemployment insurance benefits; Minimum income; Subjective perceptions;

    JEL classification:

    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • D69 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Other


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_113_0019. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jean-Baptiste de Vathaire). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.