Localisation, globalisation, et action publique
In a globalised world, firms are looking for the best place to produce goods and services. Local governments, on the other hand, are looking to attract these firms and associated jobs on their territory. This leads to the outsourcing and relocation phenomena that are the most visible aspects of globalisation. However, it would be dangerous to consider that competition amongst geographical regions is a simple struggle for a larger share of activity. Regional development depends not only on the coherence and efficiency of local relationships that may render a location more attractive than others, but also on the coherence and efficiency of the cooperative and competitive relations that take place between regions themselves. Thus, what is at stake is less the identification of local advantages than showing how and why local performance depends on both on the agglomeration of activity and globalisation of trade. Hence the goal that public authorities should pursue is less the promotion of fiscal or social advantages aimed at reducing unit costs than the fostering of efficient markets and firm cooperation. The credibility of such public intervention also depends on the size of the local region and the degree of coordination between regions. JEL classification: R11, R12, R58.
References listed on IDEAS
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- Jean-Luc Gaffard & Francesco Saraceno, 2007.
"International Trade and Domestic Distortions: Modelling the Transition Process,"
Documents de Travail de l'OFCE
2007-18, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
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- Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," NBER Working Papers 5098, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Martin, Philippe & I.P. Ottaviano, Gianmarco, 1999. "Growing locations: Industry location in a model of endogenous growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 281-302, February.
- Martin, Philippe & Ottaviano, Gianmarco, 1996. "Growing Locations: Industry Location in a Model of Endogenous Growth," CEPR Discussion Papers 1523, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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- Thomas Brenner & André Mühlig, 2007. "Factors and Mechanisms Causing the Emergence of Local Industrial Clusters - A Meta-Study of 159 Cases," Papers on Economics and Evolution 2007-23, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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