Justice distributive. La hiérarchie des principes selon les Européens
An important issue for a theory of distributive justice is to know whether the principles, by which the distribution of goods is judged fair or unfair, are incompatible or complementary. The European Values Survey carried out in 1999 shows clearly the priorities of the Europeans on this matter. The first one concerns the guarantee that ‘basic needs are met for all’, then comes ‘recognizing people on their merits’, and finally ‘eliminating big inequalities in income’. The consensus on this hierarchy is not altered by national, demographical, social, economical, ideological or political divisions. These different divisions do indeed influence opinions on distributive justice, but, with very few exceptions, they are not sufficient to upset this order of priorities. Thus, the usual criteria of distributive justice do not define competing spheres. JEL Codes: D63, D70, I31.
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