Johannesburg 2002 peut-on résoudre la question environnementale par une alliance des experts et du marché ?
The article begins with a brief description of the notion of “sustainable growth”, applied by the experts as a tool for environmental decisions. Then, an explanation of the fiasco of the Johannesburg Summit is given : rather than blaming the tool for expertise, the failure is imputed to the difficulty encountered in creating an international market based on it. The construction of a market of rights-to-pollute requires a Political agreement on the legitimacy of market constraints, which is not realised, and maybe, not possible in the –quasi missing– present system of world democracy. JEL codes : Q01, K32, F02.
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