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Entrepreneur et croissance économique : développements récents

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  • François Facchini
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    The objet of this article is to present the important literature that developed on the border of economic sciences and management around the role of the entrepreneur in the economic growth, and to discuss its main conclusions. The message of these works is simple: without entrepreneur, no or less economic growth. The first section shows why the entrepreneur is at the origin of growth. The heart of the process of creation of wealth is the individual who identifies a profit, i.e. a mutually advantageous exchange. This profit can be a profit of innovation, arbitration or speculation. In all the cases, it is the act of identification that carries growth. The second section shows that innovation is indeed an important cause of the growth of the developed countries but that this model of growth from the top should not be generalized to all countries. Imitation is also a source of growth. The third section presents various empirical tests that accredit the majority of the theoretical proposals exposed in the preceding sections.

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    Article provided by De Boeck Université in its journal Revue d'économie industrielle.

    Volume (Year): n° 119 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 3-3

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:reidbu:rei_119_0003
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cairn.info/revue-d-economie-industrielle.htm

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    1. Randall G. Holcombe, 2004. "National Income Accounting and Public Policy," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 17(4), pages 387-405, December.
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      • Edward L. Glaeser & Hedi D. Kallal & Jose A. Scheinkman & Andrei Shleifer, 1991. "Growth in Cities," NBER Working Papers 3787, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    5. Romer, Paul M, 1990. "Endogenous Technological Change," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 71-102, October.
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    7. Leff, Nathaniel H, 1979. "Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: The Problem Revisited," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 46-64, March.
    8. Jacques Mairesse & Pierre Mohnen, 2001. "To Be or Not To Be Innovative: An Exercise in Measurement," NBER Working Papers 8644, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    12. David B. Audretsch & A. Roy Thurik, 2000. "Capitalism and democracy in the 21st Century: from the managed to the entrepreneurial economy," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 10(1), pages 17-34.
    13. Kirzner, Israel M, 1999. "Creativity and/or Alertness: A Reconsideration of the Schumpeterian Entrepreneur," The Review of Austrian Economics, Springer;Society for the Development of Austrian Economics, vol. 11(1-2), pages 5-17.
    14. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters,in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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