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Transformer la finance au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord

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  • Rabah Arezki
  • Lemma W. Senbet

Abstract

This paper argues for a transformation of finance to support the economic and social transformation of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). The paper first documents the existing financial system in MENA. The system is heavily skewed toward banking, relative to non-banking services, such as stock and corporate bond markets, with significant heterogeneity across countries in the region. Second, the paper discusses the macroeconomic impact on the development of finance in MENA. The stance of macroeconomic policy has had important implications on the destination, profitability and quality of bank lending and the limited evolution of the financial system. Third, the paper explores the impact of technology on financial development, with particular attention to prospects for the development of fintechs in MENA. Entrenched incumbency of banks has limited the role of non-bank operators in fostering market contestability and fintech development. The paper is intended to be a call to the authorities and policy makers in MENA to break with the status quo and business as usual. More specifically, it underscores the need for a “moonshot approach” focused on establishing the foundations of a new digital economy in MENA and its role in promoting a well-functioning and inclusive financial economy to support the development needs of MENA. Classification JEL : O15, O16, O43, O53, O55.

Suggested Citation

  • Rabah Arezki & Lemma W. Senbet, 2019. "Transformer la finance au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord," Revue d'économie financière, Association d'économie financière, vol. 0(4), pages 289-314.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:refaef:ecofi_136_0289
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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