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Les politiques « à la frontière » et « derrière la frontière » : quel impact sur la R&D réductrice de coût ?

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  • Julien Berthoumieu
  • Antoine Bouët

Abstract

This paper evaluates the impact of various policies on domestic cost-reducing research and development (R&D) expenditures using an international duopolistic model with uncertainty regarding the result of the R&D process. We examine the impact of “at-the-border” policies (import tariffs, import quotas, voluntary export restraints, and minimum price agreements) as well as “behind-the-border” policies (output subsidy, R&D subsidy, public R&D investment). R&D subsidies are appealing policy instruments because they support not only local R&D expenditures but also local production and profits without reducing consumers’ surplus. A welfare analysis concludes on the superiority of either production subsidy or import tariff. Classification JEL : F13, O30.

Suggested Citation

  • Julien Berthoumieu & Antoine Bouët, 2017. "Les politiques « à la frontière » et « derrière la frontière » : quel impact sur la R&D réductrice de coût ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 68(4), pages 549-570.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_684_0549
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    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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