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Pollution, décès prématuré et compensation


  • Grégory Ponthière


We study the compensation of prematurely dead persons in an economy where production generates pollution, and where pollution deteriorates survival conditions once it reaches some threshold. For that purpose, we characterize the ex post egalitarian optimum, and compare this optimum with the laisser-faire equilibrium and with the utilitarian optimum. When the pollution threshold above which premature deaths arise is high, the ex post egalitarian optimum involves a pollution level equal to that threshold, and which is thus below the pollution prevailing at the laisser-faire and at the utilitarian optimum. But when the pollution threshold is low, the ex post egalitarian optimum exhibits a pollution level that is equal to the one prevailing at the laisser-faire, and higher than the one prevailing at the utilitarian optimum.

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  • Grégory Ponthière, 2017. "Pollution, décès prématuré et compensation," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 68(1), pages 97-118.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_681_0097

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    1. Gary S. Becker & Tomas J. Philipson & Rodrigo R. Soares, 2005. "The Quantity and Quality of Life and the Evolution of World Inequality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(1), pages 277-291, March.
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    3. Marc Fleurbaey & Guillaume Gaulier, 2009. "International Comparisons of Living Standards by Equivalent Incomes," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 111(3), pages 597-624, September.
    4. Marc Fleurbaey & Marie‐Louise Leroux & Pierre Pestieau & Gregory Ponthiere, 2016. "Fair Retirement Under Risky Lifetime," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 57, pages 177-210, February.
    5. Fleurbaey, Marc & Ponthiere, Gregory, 2013. "Prevention against equality?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 68-84.
    6. Fleurbaey, Marc, 2012. "Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199653591, June.
    7. Sen, Amartya, 1998. "Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 1-25, January.
    8. Fleurbaey, Marc & Leroux, Marie-Louise & Ponthiere, Gregory, 2014. "Compensating the dead," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 28-41.
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