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Comment améliorer les gains du retour à l'emploi ?


  • Yannick L’Horty
  • Jean-François Ouvrard


We analyse back to work incentives taking into account intertemporal gains and worker mobility between jobs. Theoretically, we show that these incentives vary depending on the difference between replacement benefits and bad jobs wages. They are also sensible to the accessibility and stability of good jobs and to the wage inequality between good and bad jobs. The fact is all these factors are diverse among social groups. Facing this kind of diversity, we present an illustrative simulation based on Labor Force French Survey, which suggests that mixing policies is the best way to improve back to work incentives. For instance, one have to make jobs more stable to improve employment gains for unskilled young men, but it is better to improve good job accessibility for the skilled young women and for unskilled adults and we need to use all the chanels for the young unskilled women. Classification JEL : H31, H53, I38, J22, J64

Suggested Citation

  • Yannick L’Horty & Jean-François Ouvrard, 2006. "Comment améliorer les gains du retour à l'emploi ?," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 57(3), pages 461-471.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_573_0461

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jean-Olivier Hairault & François Langot & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2004. "Retraite choisie et réduction des déficits," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 18(3), pages 75-136.
    2. Didier Blanchet & Louis-Paul Pele, 1999. "Social Security and Retirement in France," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security and Retirement around the World, pages 101-133 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Ljungqvist, Lars & Sargent, Thomas J, 2002. "The European Employment Experience," CEPR Discussion Papers 3543, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    JEL classification:

    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search


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