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Intellectual Property Rights, Interoperability and Compulsory Licensing: Merits and Limits of the European approach


  • Frédéric Marty
  • Julien Pillot


The Essential Facilities Doctrine, albeit an American case-law creation, is also implemented in the European Union. While, since Trinko (2004), the US Supreme Court seems to challenge its implementation, European antitrust authorities tend to extend this doctrine to intangible assets. Focusing on European case-law, we observe several differences between American and European competition policies. This article highlights these dissimilarities - which are going much further than the sole implementation of the EFD - and underlines both the principles and the limits of the European approach. As a final purpose, this work tries to point up some of these differences? origins. In this way, we argue that, if the US and the EU antitrust authorities are consistent with their respective conceptions of competition, these policies are not neutral on the innovation incentives. JEL Codes: K21, L13, L86

Suggested Citation

  • Frédéric Marty & Julien Pillot, 2012. "Intellectual Property Rights, Interoperability and Compulsory Licensing: Merits and Limits of the European approach," Journal of Innovation Economics, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(1), pages 35-61.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:jiedbu:jie_009_0035

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    compulsory licencing; essential facilities doctrine; abuse of dominance; exclusionary strategy;

    JEL classification:

    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software


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