Rendement des facteurs et hétérogénéité régionale : quels sont les effets des échanges commerciaux et des marchés du travail sur le salaire moyen dans les diverses régions d'Europe ?
This paper explores the affects of trade and labour market variables on the change in the relative average regional pay across Germany, Holland, Italy and Spain between 1986-1994. Using pooled cross-section estimations, labour market variables of unemployment benefits and employment rates are identified as being statistically significant while negative signs on the change in labour supply suggest support for the Rybczynski theorem. However, the change in relative average regional pay appears to be the result of unobserved regional heterogeneity, suggesting that regional characteristics essentially determine relative average regional pay and not trade or labour markets.
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