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Croissance pro-pauvres dans des pays du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord


  • Lamia Mokaddem
  • Ghazi Boulila


The article analyzes the impact of the economic growth on the monetary poverty of nine Middle-East and North Africa countries (Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Egypt, Iran, Turkey, Jordan, Mauritania, and Yemen) between 1990-2004. To characterize the nature of the growth of these countries and to formulate the suitable policies and strategies which would make it possible to reduce poverty, we have built the indicators of growth and policies pro-poor of Kakwani and Pernia (2000) and of Kakwani (1993, 2001). The empirical results show that the point estimations of these indicators are not very precise. The confidence intervals do not allow specifying clearly the nature of the growth, in particular in the case of the Yemen, Morocco and Egypt. Furthermore, for Tunisia, Iran and Turkey, 95 % confidence interval for IGIT is [2, 4.6], which is indicative of the difficulty to recommend the appropriate pro-poor strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Lamia Mokaddem & Ghazi Boulila, 2011. "Croissance pro-pauvres dans des pays du Moyen-Orient et de l'Afrique du Nord," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 19(1), pages 77-105.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:edddbu:edd_251_0077

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Mariano Tommasi & Pablo T. Spiller & Ernesto Stein, 2003. "Political Institutions, Policymaking Processes, and Policy Outcomes. An Intertemporal Transactions Framework," Working Papers 59, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Jul 2003.
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    7. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
    8. Farid Gasmi & Paul Noumba Um & Laura Recuero Virto, 2009. "Political Accountability and Regulatory Performance in Infrastructure Industries: An Empirical Analysis," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 23(3), pages 509-531, October.
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