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D'un droit de propriété intellectuelle sur le vivant aux firmes de génomique : vers une marchandisation de la connaissance scientifique sur le génome humain


  • Fabienne Orsi
  • Jean-Paul Moatti


This article analyses the conditions underlying the emergence of a new generation of biotechnology firms on the American market specialised in the discovery of human genes - a scientific activity previously promoted by public research systems - and the sale of these discoveries. The article shows that, within the specific growth dynamics of the biotechnology sector in the North-American context, the main factor behind the emergence of these firms has been the creation of intellectual property rights on living matter. The development of these rights has led to the patenting of scientific discoveries. The last part of the article discusses the consequences of disseminating the use of patents, particularly in Europe, and the change in status of scientific knowledge triggered by the rise of genomics firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabienne Orsi & Jean-Paul Moatti, 2001. "D'un droit de propriété intellectuelle sur le vivant aux firmes de génomique : vers une marchandisation de la connaissance scientifique sur le génome humain," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 0(4), pages 123-138.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:ecoldc:ecop_150_0123

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    Cited by:

    1. Cecilia Rikap, 2017. "The Corporization of a Public University with Free Undergraduate Education: Endangering Autonomy at the University of Buenos Aires," World Economic Review, World Economics Association, vol. 2017(8), pages 44-59, April.


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