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Why do Various Gaming Markets Adopt Different Tax Rates?


  • Xinhua Gu
  • Guoqiang Li


This paper studies the welfare impact of a gaming tax in a two-sector, trade base equilibrium model. Its partial-equilibrium part examines tax divisions between market participants and the impact of this divisiveness on the relative price of gaming. The general-equilibrium part analyzes the welfare effect of the tax via the resultant relative-price change. We establish that market conditions such as supply capacity and market size have a clear bearing on tax division and overall welfare, and that a gaming tax is more likely to be economically bad if less of the tax burden can be passed along to tourist players. A high tax can only be applied if much of the tax is borne by visitors; a low tax has to be adopted if otherwise. Since its small adverse effect can be easily absorbed by its induced economic growth, a low gaming tax will attract outside investment conducive to overall efficiency. We also point out that policy concerns as well as market conditions may all affect tax regimes and their differences as observed in the American and Asian markets. We find that gaming business reality supports our theoretical assertions.

Suggested Citation

  • Xinhua Gu & Guoqiang Li, 2009. "Why do Various Gaming Markets Adopt Different Tax Rates?," Journal of Gambling Business and Economics, University of Buckingham Press, vol. 3(1), pages 65-87, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:buc:jgbeco:v:3:y:2009:i:1:p:65-87

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    Cited by:

    1. María Teresa Álvarez-Martínez & Michael L. Lahr, 2016. "Gaming, States, and Tax Revenues—the Tortoise or the Hare: A CGE Comparative Assessment of Casino Resorts and Games-Only Casinos," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(2), pages 236-258, June.
    2. Xinhua Gu & Pui Sun Tam & Chun Kwok Lei & Xiao Chang, 2016. "The Economics of Taxation in Casino Tourism with Cross-border Market Power," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 20(1), pages 113-125, February.
    3. repec:eee:touman:v:48:y:2015:i:c:p:285-298 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism


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