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Teoretické aspekty environmentálnej politiky

  • Lucia Gálová

    ()

    (Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov, Ekonomická univerzita v Bratislave)

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    Znečistenie životného prostredia je v ekonomickej teórii hlavného prúdu interpretované pomocou teórie negatívnych externalít. Negatívna externalita vzniká, keď človek nenesie plne všetky náklady svojej činnosti a časť týchto nákladov prenáša na iných. Hospodársky subjekt /znečisťovateľ/ obmedzuje vedľajšími efektami svojej ekonomickej činnosti /znečistením/ hospodársky výsledok iného subjektu a vzniknutú škodu /resp. zvýšené náklady/ mu nekompenzuje. Začlenenie negatívnych externalít do výrobných nákladov znečisťovateľov sa označuje pojmom internalizácia externalít - vtiahnutím do výrobných kalkulácií a do rozhodovaní znečisťovateľov sa externé /vonkajšie/ náklady premenia na náklady interné /vnútorné/.Riešenie problému externalít ponúkajú regulačné limity, Pigouva daň, Coaseho teoréma alebo obchodovateľné emisné povolenia.

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    File URL: http://fmv.euba.sk/RePEc/brv/almnch/A2007-2.pdf
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    Article provided by Ekonomická univerzita, Fakulta medzinárodných vzťahov in its journal Almanach (Actual Issues in World Economics and Politics).

    Volume (Year): 2 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 30-42

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    Handle: RePEc:brv:almnch:v:2:y:2007:i:2:p:30-42
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