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Hayek's Critique Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights

Listed author(s):
  • Feldman Jean-Philippe

    (Institut Michel Villey & the Centre de droit américain (Paris II-Panthéon-Assas))

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    Critiquer la Déclaration universelle des droits de lhomme du 10 décembre 1948 paraît relever de la provocation ou de linconscience. Ses contempteurs, quil sagisse des marxistes ou des conservateurs, se sont déconsidérés. Nonobstant, cest avec force courage que Hayek sest attelé dès 1966 à une critique en règle de cette déclaration constructiviste dont lobjectif impossible était de fusionner les droits de la tradition libérale avec ceux de la conception marxiste. Le Prix Nobel démontre que les nouveaux droits ainsi proclamés ne peuvent être traduits dans des lois contraignantes sans détruire incontinent lordre de liberté auquel tendent les droits traditionnels : la Déclaration constitue lun de ces instruments qui oeuvrent à la dévalorisation du Droit et partant à la destruction de la Liberté. Cest par son prestige et par lignorance de ceux qui lont exploité que ce texte a pu prospérer. Son seul mérite est de mériter loubli.It might seem provocative or inconsistent to criticize the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of December 10, 1948. Its detractors, whether they be Marxists or Conservatives have fallen into discredit. Notwithstanding, Hayek has courageously tried to criticize this constructivist piece whose impossible goal was to unite rights in the liberal tradition with those pertaining to the Marxist conception. Hayek shows that the new rights which are proclaimed in this fashion cannot be translated into juridical constraints without destroying forthwith the liberal order cherished by traditional rights: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is one of the tools which enhances the depreciation of Law and, by the way, the annihilation of Freedom. This text has flourished thanks to its prestige and to the ignorance of those who have employed it. Its unique merit is to deserve oblivion.

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    Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines.

    Volume (Year): 9 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 4 (December)
    Pages: 1-13

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    Handle: RePEc:bpj:jeehcn:v:9:y:1999:i:4:n:3
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