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Bank Lending with Imperfect Competition and Spillover Effects

Author

Listed:
  • Altug Sumru G

    () (Koc University)

  • Usman Murat

    () (Koc University)

Abstract

We examine bank lending decisions in an economy with spillover effects in the creation of new investment opportunities and asymmetric information in credit markets. We examine price-setting equilibria with horizontally differentiated banks. If bank lending takes place under a weak corporate governance mechanism and is fraught with agency problems and ineffective bank monitoring, then an equilibrium emerges in which loan supply is strategically restricted. In this equilibrium, the loan restriction, the "under-lending" strategy, provides an advantage to one bank by increasing its market share and sustaining monopoly interest rates. The bank's incentives for doing so increase under conditions of increased volatility of lending capacities of banks, more severe borrower-side moral hazard, and lower returns on the investment projects. Although this equilibrium is not always unique, with poor bank monitoring and corporate governance, a more intense banking competition renders the bad equilibrium the unique outcome.

Suggested Citation

  • Altug Sumru G & Usman Murat, 2006. "Bank Lending with Imperfect Competition and Spillover Effects," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 6(1), pages 1-30, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejmac:v:topics.6:y:2006:i:1:n:14
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    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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