Monitorizarea bazinelor hidrografice torențiale — mijloc de prevenire a dezastrelor naturale, în condițiile schimbărilor climatice
Reducing the effects of natural hazards is an objective of prime necessity in the actions of the international cooperation within the European Union. The MONITOR II Project (in which Romsilva and ICAS are partners), have been identified hazards areas exposed to floods and landslides in the Basin Putna (testbed) by analyzing high-prone areas (due to natural factors) and the triggers exceeding averages (the presence of eroded and sliding lands, the intensity of degradation processes, land use, hydrological effectiveness of uses etc.). For prevention and risk reduction, main measures specific all partners are: - spatial planning of torrential watersheds, afforestation of degraded lands, promote agriculture and forestry in the context of sustainable use of natural resources (soil, water, forest); - monitoring of sensitive areas. For this purpose it is necessary to create networks of information, evaluation, assessment, observation and preventive warning, to highlight any changes in climatic and hydrological factors, and to establish measures and actions on solving concrete problems, at regional and local level (setting emergency intervention, necessary works, financial effort, etc.).
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