Amenajarea bazinelor hidrografice torențiale cu folosință preponderent forestieră, prin prisma activității Institutului de Cercetări și Amenajări Silvice
There is over 60 years of experience within ICAS on torrent control structures design and, together with Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering from Braşov, represent watershed management history within Romanian forestry. Based on this activity a series of instructions and normative has been released in 1949, 1959, 1967, 1995. ICAS realized all spectrum of torrent control structures design for investments sector (around 2000 projects and studies during 1951-2011) and specific technical documentations such as: themes, instructions, normative in static dam calculation, morphometry and torrential watersheds hydrology, pluvial erosion and landslides mitigation using forest vegetation and complex management of torrential watersheds basins. According to ICAS studies, through whole national territory, in all 15 major catchments were managed 3,201 torrential watersheds, in which they have been forested 67,193.4 ha of degraded lands and 2,165.2 km of torrential riverbed have been improved. The overwhelming majority of these works were designed by ICAS. For the future it is estimated that in the forest fund are required: 29,936 ha afforestation of degraded land, 127,000 m3 of construction works necessary to ensure existing structures, the improvement of 1855 km of torrential riverbeds using torrent control structures. Torrential watershed planning issues are: chronic underfunding, permissive legislation in the auctions, the disappearance of traditional firms and workers. Finally is mentioned the opportunity offered by relatively new technology of Aerial Laser Scanners to delivery very accurate digital elevation models usable for better and faster design of specific works and the necessity of methodological research in this direction. With its available specialists, I.C.A.S. is, together with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, the National Forest Administration–Romsilva and Faculty of Silviculture and Forest Engineering from Braşov, part of the solution for solving issues regarding this complex domain of forestry.
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