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Parallel trade with an endogenous market structure


  • Pei‐Cyuan Shih
  • Hong Hwang
  • Cheng‐Hau Peng


This paper sets up a two‐country model in which there is one domestic manufacturer authorising its product to a distributor in the foreign country. The distributor can sell the product not only to its own market (i.e., the foreign market) but also back to the domestic market. The latter is called parallel trade (PT). The paper investigates the effects of PT on the profits of the manufacturer and social welfare if the domestic market structure is endogenously determined. It is found that PT should be encouraged rather than banned as it increases not only the profits of the manufacturer but also the welfare of both the domestic and the foreign countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Pei‐Cyuan Shih & Hong Hwang & Cheng‐Hau Peng, 2019. "Parallel trade with an endogenous market structure," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(4), pages 1224-1233, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:42:y:2019:i:4:p:1224-1233
    DOI: 10.1111/twec.12727

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