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The Trouble with Offshoring: Static and Dynamic Losses in the Presence of Unemployment

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  • Richard A. Brecher
  • Zhiqi Chen
  • Zhihao Yu

Abstract

This paper provides theoretical support for the popular objection to offshoring, whereby firms at home employ services of labor located abroad. In the presence of unemployment, our analysis highlights welfare losses from offshoring—not only for the static case of a fixed stock of capital, but also for the dynamic one of optimal saving and investment. We compare these static and dynamic losses to the gains that would instead arise under full-employment conditions, assumed by most of the theoretical literature on offshoring. Our results suggest that public concerns over offshoring are justified when unemployment is taken explicitly into account.
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Suggested Citation

  • Richard A. Brecher & Zhiqi Chen & Zhihao Yu, 2013. "The Trouble with Offshoring: Static and Dynamic Losses in the Presence of Unemployment," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 36(1), pages 1-11, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:36:y:2013:i:1:p:1-11
    DOI: twec.12015
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/twec.12015
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Davidson, Carl & Matusz, Steven J. & Shevchenko, Andrei, 2008. "Outsourcing Peter To Pay Paul: High-Skill Expectations And Low-Skill Wages With Imperfect Labor Markets," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 463-479, September.
    2. Mitra, Devashish & Ranjan, Priya, 2007. "Offshoring and Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 2805, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Richard A. Brecher & Zhiqi Chen, 2010. "Unemployment of Skilled and Unskilled Labor in an Open Economy: International Trade, Migration, and Outsourcing," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(5), pages 990-1000, November.
    4. Jagdish Bhagwati & Arvind Panagariya, 2004. "The Muddles over Outsourcing," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(4), pages 93-114, Fall.
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    Cited by:

    1. Richard A. Brecher & Till Gross, 2017. "Unemployment and Income-Distribution Effects of Economic Growth: A Minimum-Wage Analysis with Optimal Saving," Carleton Economic Papers 17-08, Carleton University, Department of Economics, revised 14 Jul 2017.
    2. Zhou, Haiwen, 2017. "Impact of International Trade on Unemployment under Oligopoly," MPRA Paper 81354, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Richard A. Brecher & Till O. Gross, 2014. "A Minimum-Wage Model of Unemployment and Growth: The Case of a Backward-Bending Demand Curve for Labor," Carleton Economic Papers 14-05, Carleton University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F20 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - General

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