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Population concentration in United States city-systems from 1790 to 2000: historical trends and current phases

  • Samuel M. Otterstrom
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    Among the industrialised nations of the world, the USA has a relatively short history of urbanisation. This fact and the ready availability of reliable historical data have made the USA a fertile place for studying the nature of urban and regional growth from its earliest beginnings. This paper analyses the patterns of city and hinterland, or city-system, population concentration in the United States from 1790 to 2000. The Hoover index is employed to calculate population concentration in 46 city-systems for each federal census. A model showing three phases in city-system population concentration is proposed. Recent population trends are then used to map the current concentration phases of the US city-systems. Much of the central part of the country and the mountain west should concentrate in population during the next decade while many of the Northeastern, Florida, and Californian city-systems are more likely to experience population deconcentration. Copyright (c) 2003 by the Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG.

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    Article provided by Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG in its journal Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie.

    Volume (Year): 94 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 4 (09)
    Pages: 477-495

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    Handle: RePEc:bla:tvecsg:v:94:y:2003:i:4:p:477-495
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