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Disproportionality and Disaster: Hurricane Katrina and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet


  • William R. Freudenburg
  • Robert Gramling
  • Shirley Laska
  • Kai T. Erikson


Although many observers have interpreted Hurricane Katrina's damage to New Orleans as a case of nature striking humans, we draw on the sociological concept of the growth machine to show that much of the damage resulted instead from what humans had done to nature-in the name but not the reality of "economic development." Copyright (c) 2009 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

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  • William R. Freudenburg & Robert Gramling & Shirley Laska & Kai T. Erikson, 2009. "Disproportionality and Disaster: Hurricane Katrina and the Mississippi River-Gulf Outlet," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 90(3), pages 497-515.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:socsci:v:90:y:2009:i:3:p:497-515

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    Cited by:

    1. Debra Davidson & Don Grant, 2012. "The double diversion: mapping its roots and projecting its future in environmental studies," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Springer;Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences, vol. 2(1), pages 69-77, March.

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