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Candidates and Competition: Variability in Ideological Voting in U.S. Senate Elections


  • Joseph Gershtenson


In choosing candidates to support in congressional elections, voters consider both policy and nonpolicy factors. However, the relative importance of incumbency or presidential approval versus candidates' ideological platforms likely varies across elections. Specifically, stiffer electoral competition should encourage ideology-based voting because candidate information is more plentiful. In contrast, incumbents' ability to garner votes simply by virtue of already holding office should depress proximity voting in elections with incumbents. Copyright (c) 2009 by the Southwestern Social Science Association.

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  • Joseph Gershtenson, 2009. "Candidates and Competition: Variability in Ideological Voting in U.S. Senate Elections," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 90(1), pages 117-133.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:socsci:v:90:y:2009:i:1:p:117-133

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dow, Jay K, 1998. "Directional and Proximity Models of Voter Choice in Recent US Presidential Elections," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 96(3-4), pages 259-270, September.
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    5. Joseph Gershtenson, 2004. "Ideological Centrism and the Electoral Fortunes of U.S. Senate Candidates," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 85(2), pages 497-508.
    6. Anthony Downs, 1957. "An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 65, pages 135-135.
    7. repec:cup:apsrev:v:85:y:1991:i:04:p:1107-1131_18 is not listed on IDEAS
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