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Tax Reform, Structural Unemployment and the Environment

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  • Bovenberg, A Lans
  • van der Ploeg, Frederick

Abstract

The effects of environmental tax reform, i.e., using the proceeds of a higher energy tax rate to lower the labor tax rate, on wage formation, employment, and environmental quality are analyzed in the context of a small open economy with structural unemployment caused by hiring costs. The authors find that such a reform may boost employment if it shifts the tax burden away from workers towards those without employment in the formal sector. Environmental tax reform succeeds in shifting the tax burden away from workers in the formal sector if higher energy taxes reduce earnings in the informal sector by reducing labor productivity. Copyright 1998 by The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics.

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  • Bovenberg, A Lans & van der Ploeg, Frederick, 1998. " Tax Reform, Structural Unemployment and the Environment," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 100(3), pages 593-610, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:scandj:v:100:y:1998:i:3:p:593-610
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