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Has South Africa Liberalised Its Trade?

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  • LAWRENCE EDWARDS

Abstract

This paper uses new tariff data to re-evaluate the extent to which South Africa has liberalised its trade from the late 1980s. The paper finds that significant progress has been made in simplifying South Africa's tariff structure and reducing tariff protection, but further progress can be made in removing tariff peaks, reducing tariff dispersion, and lowering the anti-export bias arising from protection. Further, although protection has fallen, the decline has been no faster than in other lower-middle-income economies. The paper also finds that estimates of the level of nominal and effective protection, and their rate of change, are sensitive to the choice of tariff measure (collection duties or scheduled tariff rates) and Input-Output or Supply-Use table, but that the sectoral structure of protection is largely unaffected. Copyright 2005 Economic Society of South Africa.

Suggested Citation

  • Lawrence Edwards, 2005. "Has South Africa Liberalised Its Trade?," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 73(4), pages 754-775, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:sajeco:v:73:y:2005:i:4:p:754-775
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    File URL: http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1813-6982.2005.00052.x
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    Cited by:

    1. Brian McCaig & Margaret S. McMillan & Iñigo Verduzco-Gallo & Keith Jefferis, 2015. "Stuck in the Middle? Structural Change and Productivity Growth in Botswana," NBER Working Papers 21029, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Chad P. Bown, 2011. "The Great Recession and Import Protection : The Role of Temporary Trade Barriers," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 16359, June.
    3. Janine Aron & John Muellbauer, 2009. "Monetary Policy and Inflation Modeling in a More Open Economy in South Africa," Chapters,in: Monetary Policy Frameworks for Emerging Markets, chapter 15 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Torfinn Harding & Jørn Rattsø, 2010. "Industrial labour productivities and tariffs in South Africa," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 18(3), pages 459-485, July.
    5. Janine Aron & John Muellbauer, 2009. "Monetary Policy and Inflation Modeling in a More Open Economy in South Africa," Chapters, in: Monetary Policy Frameworks for Emerging Markets, chapter 15 Edward Elgar Publishing.

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