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Quantitative Trade Restrictions in Unionized Economies


  • Zhao, Laixun


This paper models the interactions of a labor union and a monopoly firm under an import quota in a small open economy. The distorted equilibrium is depicted in a diagram, in which wages and employment in both sectors, and the monopoly rent, can be identified. The imposition of an import quota in the unionized sector reduces monopoly rent, union employment, and wages in both sectors, compared with the case of autarky. In addition, the paper presents several surprising comparative statics results. For instance, an increase in the world price causes the protected (i.e., "wrong") sector to shrink, wages to decrease, and national income to rise if the initial world price is low. Copyright 2001 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhao, Laixun, 2001. "Quantitative Trade Restrictions in Unionized Economies," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(1), pages 81-93, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:9:y:2001:i:1:p:81-93

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    Cited by:

    1. Laixun Zhao & Kenji Kondoh, 2007. "Temporary and Permanent Immigration under Unionization," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(2), pages 346-358, May.

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